We have written on several occasions about the new wave in malware that are probably the products of nation state(s) because of the complexity or the code and the resources required to write and deploy such creations. (See here, here and here).
Stuxnet caused the Iranian nuclear centrifuges to spin out of control and self destruct and DuQu extracts information and sends it to an unknown site.
Flame apparently can eavesdrop on users by recording their e-mail or instant messaging via a screen shot and can snoop on audio using the computer's microphone or via video conferencing programs. To top it off, it may be able to use near field communications to monitor near by devices. Flame does not appear to be destructive but is apparently the most complex system yet to invade the privacy of the unwitting recipients. To date, it apparently has been deployed mainly in the middle east with about half of the reports coming from Iran.
It is incredibly complex with a file weight of about 20 times the size of Stuxnet, but in spite of its large file size, it has gone undetected for at least 2 years.
If war is just the continuation of politics by another means, this could be political.